10 January 2023

Throughout January, FACT and police are visiting homes across the UK, serving notices to individuals to cease illegal streaming activities with immediate effect and informing users of the associated risks, which include criminal prosecution.

Over 1,000 individuals have been identified following raids by West Mercia Police against a UK-based illegal streaming service that was supplying entertainment and sports content via modified boxes, firesticks, and subscriptions.

While criminal prosecution is pending against the operator of the illegal service, police are also reminding consumers that using illegal streaming services is not just a crime but one that is treated extremely seriously by the courts. In 2021, two individuals, Paul Faulkner and Stephen Millington were sentenced to a total of 16 months in prison for watching unauthorised streams.

Users are also being advised of the many other risks associated with illegal streaming, including funding criminal organisations and exposing themselves to fraud, scams, inappropriate content, viruses, and malware.

Recent research, which analysed 50 popular illegal streaming sites, found that all contained malicious content, while over 40% of them did not have a security certificate. 50% of people who illegally stream in the UK say they or someone they know have been a victim of scams, ID theft, fraud or data loss as a result, and 41% have been exposed to inappropriate content.

FACT Chief Executive, Kieron Sharp, said: “We would like to thank the Government Agency Intelligence Network (GAIN), the Police Intellectual Property Crime Unit (PIPCU), West Mercia Police, and other police forces across the country, for their support to help ensure that the public are made aware of the dangers of using illegal streaming services and, more importantly, that they understand that there is the risk of criminal prosecution”.

West Mercia Police (Specialist Operations – Cyber Crime) Detective Inspector Matt McNellis added: “West Mercia Police worked in partnership with FACT and other agencies during Operation Raider to prevent criminal activity and raise public awareness around illegal streaming services. We are able to deploy cutting-edge digital tactics to identify and detect people who break the law before carrying out enforcement activity in concert with our partners. Often illegal streaming is used to fund Serious Organised Crime and West Mercia Cybercrime Unit is committed to interdicting this source of criminal revenue and reducing the harm organised crime groups can do to our communities.”

Police Intellectual Property Crime Unit (PIPCU) Detective Chief Inspector, Gary Robinson, added: “Accessing films, TV series and live sports events from unauthorised sources is illegal, can expose consumers to risks such as data theft and malware, and can help fund organised criminal groups. PIPCU is pleased to support this enforcement activity, and we will continue to work with our partners to take action against those who use and supply illegal streaming services

Government Agency Intelligence Network (GAIN) National Coordinator, Jason Grove, said:

“This operation has involved months of collaborative hard work and the warning notices issued are an excellent example of adopting a multi-agency approach between FACT and the Police. By working in partnership, sharing intelligence lawfully and efficiently, the network aims to ensure that government agencies and law enforcement will help reduce the risk, threat and harm from serious and organised crime”.

To find out more about the dangers of illegal streaming and to find out where to watch content legally, please visit FACT  

FACT work with Crimestoppers to make it easy to report illegal content online. Crimestoppers is an independent charity that allows anyone to report anonymously by calling 0800 555 111 or filling out an online form.



  • In July 2021, Paul Faulkner was jailed for 16 months after pleading guilty to multiple copyright and fraud offences. One of the offences that Faulkner pleaded guilty to. was for the use of his own service to view content he should have been paying to watch. The Judge recognized that the use of the unauthorized service was a distinct crime in itself and this was reflected in him receiving a separate sentence of 4 months’ imprisonment for using the service. Read more.
  • In November 2021, Stephen Millington was jailed for 30 months after pleading guilty to multiple fraud and copyright offences. The Judge recognised that Millington’s use of the unauthorised service was a distinct crime, which resulted in him receiving a separate sentence of twelve months’ imprisonment for using the service. Read more.
  • Data provided is from a nationally representative sample of 1,000 respondents from Dynata and Opentext Security Webroot Report.

About FACT

FACT are the UK’s leading intellectual property protection organisation protecting brands and businesses against fraud and IP crime and helping consumers to stay safe online. LinkedIn | Twitter

Mandy Belnick | Head of Communications and Marketing

[email protected]

(Mobile) 07423 625 139


The Police Intellectual Property Crime Unit (PIPCU) is a specialist police team dedicated to protecting physical goods from intellectual property crime and combatting digital piracy. The operationally independent unit was established in 2013 with funding from the Intellectual Property Office (IPO) and is part of the National Lead Force Operations within the City of London Police, which leads fraud investigations on behalf of the police nationally. PIPCU Twitter

About GAIN

GAIN is the Government Agency Intelligence Network. GAIN brings together intelligence and investigation staff mainly, but not exclusively, from public sector enforcement agencies to tackle serious and organised crime through an effective partnership network and provides a mechanism at a regional level for agencies to lawfully share information, participate in joint enforcement action, exploit opportunities for joint training and sharing resources all designed to reduce the threat, risk and harm to individuals, businesses and communities associated to such criminality.

GAIN has a full-time coordinator based within each of the Regional Organised Crime Units in England and Wales which enhances each region’s ability to tackle serious and organised crime by sharing knowledge and the appropriate use of a range of powers available to GAIN partners to disrupt criminal activity, identify and seize the proceeds of crime.




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